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C.D. Yonge translation*


Book I

Index Links

Introduction, Defense of eloquence: origin of eloquence; the debasing of eloquence; virtue with eloquence.


The art of rhetoric. Its materials, scope, and parts.


Issues: of fact and name, of kind or genus, of demurrer. Issues are simple or complex, about reasoning or written documents. Determining questions, reasoning, & excuses.


Exordium: defined; types; securing good will and attentiveness. Working into the good graces of the audience. Faults of exordia.


Narration. Making narratives clear, open and plausible. Faults.


Partitions. Qualities of good partitions.


Confirmation. Arguments are drawn from attributes of persons and actions; are probable or irrefutable; are made through induction or deduction. Views on the parts of syllogisms.


Refutations. Digression (Hermagoras)


Conclusion. Topics for rousing indignation.


Book II

Helen and rhetoric. Plan for Book II.


Judicial speeches.
Issue of fact: arguing from causes of the alleged act; from chacteristics of the accused; from both jointly. Common topics.


Issues of definition: when prosecuting and defending.


Issues of transference or procedure.


Issues involving an act's character or quality:

Juridical (equity): questions involving justice,
The act considered in itself.
Considered relatively:
Retort of accusation.
Shifting the charge.
Juridical (equity): questions involving rewards and punishment.


Written documents.

Letter vs intention.
Contrary laws.


Deliberative speeches.


Epideictic speeches.



Charles Duke Yonge's translation of Cicero's "Treatise on Rhetorical Invention" was scanned and formatted for Peithô's Web from:

The Orations of Marcus Tullius Cicero
Literally translated by C. D. Yonge
London: George Bell & Sons
Vol 4, published in 1888
pp. 241-380

Part of the Bohn's Classical Library

Peithô's Web